Pneumococcal vaccination

What is a Pneumococcal vaccine?

The vaccine helps to protect people against pneumococcus infection.

What is Pneumococcal disease?

Pneumococcal disease is caused by the bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae. It can cause middle ear infections, chest infections (pneumonia), meningitis, and sepsis. The infection can be serious or even life-threatening. Everybody is at risk to get pneumococcal disease, especially if the person is 65 years or older or having certain chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Learn more about Pneumococcal infection here.

Is Pneumococcal disease transmissible?
Is Pneumococcal disease transmissible?

Pneumococcal is a transmissible disease.

It can spread from a healthy or sick adult to anybody through coughing, sneezing and close contact through droplets.

Shall I get the Pneumococcal vaccine?
Shall I get the Pneumococcal vaccine?

Who should get the Pneumococcal vaccine?

  • All adults 65 years or older
  • People 2 through 64 years old with certain chronic medical conditions (chronic heart, lung, or liver disease, diabetes, alcoholism, or cigarette smoking or any other immunocompromising conditions)
  • Adults 19 through 64 years old who smoke cigarettes

Who should not get the vaccine?

  • Are allergic to any of the vaccine ingredients. Consult your doctor before getting the vaccine
  • Had an allergic reaction to a similar vaccine in the past
What are the side effects of the Pneumococcal vaccine?
What are the side effects of the Pneumococcal vaccine?

The side effects of the Pneumococcal vaccine

Like most other vaccines, there are some side effects, some are quite common and some are rare.

Common side effects of pneumococcal vaccine

  • Injection site reactions include: Pain, soreness, redness, Warm feeling, swelling and hardening
  • Muscle or Joint pain
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Feeling weak and fatigue

Rare side effects

  • High temperature, possibly leading to convulsions (febrile seizures)
  • Allergic reactions (Such as difficulty in breathing, wheezing, rash, hives)
What are the different types of Pneumococcal vaccines?
What are the different types of Pneumococcal vaccines?

Different types of Pneumococcal vaccines

In general, there are two types of vaccine, one is the Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23), the other one Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13).

PPVS23 consists of pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides for 23 pneumococci serotypes. PCV13 consists of pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides conjugated to carrier proteins.

  PPSV23 PCV13
Number of serotypes 23 13
Effective against invasive pneumococcal disease YES NO
Effective against non-invasive pneumococcal disease YES


Target  Groups Adults 65 years and older Recommended Discuss with your doctor
Age 2 to 64 with certain medical condition Recommended Recommended
Age 19 to 64 that smokes Recommended /
Age younger than 2 / Recommended















How is the Vaccine administered?
How is the Vaccine administered?

Vaccine administration

In most cases, people only require one jab. However, if the person is in a high-risk group for pneumococcal infection, the doctor might decide whether it would be beneficial to give a second shot at a later time.

Can pneumococcal vaccines be received together with seasonal influenza vaccine?

Yes. Pneumococcal vaccines can be given together with seasonal influenza vaccine, but they should be administered at a different injection site. 

Can pneumococcal vaccine be given together with COVID-19 vaccine?  

There are currently limited data on the simultaneous administration of COVID-19 vaccines with other vaccines. It is recommended to have a minimal interval of at least 14 days between administration of COVID-19 vaccine (Comirnaty or CoronaVac) and any other vaccine. 


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