What is a Pneumococcal vaccine?
The vaccine helps to protect people against pneumococcus infection.
What is Pneumococcal disease?
Pneumococcal disease is caused by the bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae. It can cause middle ear infections, chest infections (pneumonia), meningitis, and sepsis. The infection can be serious or even life-threatening. Everybody is at risk to get pneumococcal disease, especially if the person is 65 years or older or having certain chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Learn more about Pneumococcal infection here.
Pneumococcal is a transmissible disease.
It can spread from a healthy or sick adult to anybody through coughing, sneezing and close contact through droplets.
Who should get the Pneumococcal vaccine?
- All adults 65 years or older
- People 2 through 64 years old with certain chronic medical conditions (chronic heart, lung, or liver disease, diabetes, alcoholism, or cigarette smoking or any other immunocompromising conditions)
- Adults 19 through 64 years old who smoke cigarettes
Who should not get the vaccine?
- Are allergic to any of the vaccine ingredients. Consult your doctor before getting the vaccine
- Had an allergic reaction to a similar vaccine in the past
The side effects of the Pneumococcal vaccine
Like most other vaccines, there are some side effects, some are quite common and some are rare.
Common side effects of pneumococcal vaccine
- Injection site reactions include: Pain, soreness, redness, Warm feeling, swelling and hardening
- Muscle or Joint pain
- Feeling weak and fatigue
Rare side effects
- High temperature, possibly leading to convulsions (febrile seizures)
- Allergic reactions (Such as difficulty in breathing, wheezing, rash, hives)
Different types of Pneumococcal vaccines
In general, there are two types of vaccine, one is the Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23), the other one Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13).
PPVS23 consists of pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides for 23 pneumococci serotypes. PCV13 consists of pneumococcal capsular polysaccharides conjugated to carrier proteins.
|Number of serotypes||23||13|
|Effective against invasive pneumococcal disease||YES||NO|
|Effective against non-invasive pneumococcal disease||YES||
|Target Groups||Adults 65 years and older||Recommended||Discuss with your doctor|
|Age 2 to 64 with certain medical condition||Recommended||Recommended|
|Age 19 to 64 that smokes||Recommended||/|
|Age younger than 2||/||Recommended|
In most cases, people only require one jab. However, if the person is in a high-risk group for pneumococcal infection, the doctor might decide whether it would be beneficial to give a second shot at a later time.
Can pneumococcal vaccines be received together with seasonal influenza vaccine?
Yes. Pneumococcal vaccines can be given together with seasonal influenza vaccine, but they should be administered at a different injection site.
Can pneumococcal vaccine be given together with COVID-19 vaccine?
There are currently limited data on the simultaneous administration of COVID-19 vaccines with other vaccines. It is recommended to have a minimal interval of at least 14 days between administration of COVID-19 vaccine (Comirnaty or CoronaVac) and any other vaccine.