Learn about Pneumococcal infection

What is pneumococcal infection?

Pneumococcal infection is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus).

pneumococcal infection

 

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What are the symptoms of pneumococcal infection?
What are the symptoms of pneumococcal infection?

Symptoms of pneumococcal infection

Streptococcus pneumoniae can cause middle ear infection, chest infection (pneumonia), meningitis, and sepsis. The infection can be serious or even life-threatening.

  • Middle ear infection can present with fever, ear pain and sometimes discharge. It may lead to hearing loss in recurrent infection.
  • Chest infection (pneumonia) can present with fever, shortness of breath, chills and productive cough. It may result in death in severe cases.
  • Meningitis can present with fever, stiff neck and confusion. It may result in long-term hearing loss or even death.
  • Sepsis can present with joint pain and chills. It may also present along with infection at other sites, such as pneumonia and meningitis.
What are the mode of transmission?
What are the mode of transmission?

Mode of transmission

They mainly spread through droplets via coughing and sneezing, close contact with the patients or contact with materials soiled with the bacteria.

Who belong to the high-risk groups?
Who belong to the high-risk groups?

High-risk groups

  • Young children
  • The elderly
  • Persons with
    - weakened immunity, such as asplenic patients, cancer patients, HIV/ AIDS patients
    - chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus
    - cochlear (inner ear) implants
What are the available management?
What are the available management?

Management 

The disease can be treated with appropriate antibiotics. However, the emergence of drug-resistant strains of pneumococci has made treatment more difficult.

Prevention

Pneumococcal vaccination

  • There are several types of pneumococcal vaccines. They are safe and effective.
  • Newborns should follow the schedule recommended for vaccination
  • Elders aged 65 years or above should also get a pneumococcal vaccination.
  • Persons in the high-risk groups should consult their family doctors on having the vaccination for personal protection.

Maintain good personal hygiene

  • Perform hand hygiene frequently
  • Cover your nose and mouth with tissue paper when sneezing or coughing.
  • Wear a surgical mask when having respiratory symptoms, refrain from work or attending class at school, avoid going to crowded places and seek medical advice promptly.
  • Build up good body immunity by having a balanced diet, regular exercise and adequate rest, do not smoke and avoid alcohol consumption.

Pneumococcal vaccine is available at our clinic, please talk with our staff for details.

 

2021-2022 Influenza Vaccination FAQs (in...

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