Cardiovascular Medicine
About Heart disease

 Every single "beat" of heart care.



The service of the  Heart and Vascular range from preventive care, diagnosis, to tailor-made options to your heart needs including recovery.



About heart disease

"Heart Diseases" refers to a broad spectrum of diseases related to the heart. Among different types of heart diseases, coronary heart disease constitutes a major portion of the mortality. The disease occurs when cholesterol layers deposit on the inner wall of coronary arteries and narrow the lumens of the arteries. The process reduces blood supply to cardiac muscle and causes exertional chest pain known as angina.

Situation in HK

Heart diseases have been the third leading cause of death in Hong Kong since 1960s. "Heart Diseases" refers to a broad spectrum of diseases such as coronary heart disease, hypertensive heart disease, chronic rheumatic heart disease and congenital heart disease, and coronary heart disease is the major cause of death among them. In 2017, about 10.6 persons on average died from coronary heart diseases per day. and male have a ratio of approximately 1.4:1 to female.

Symptoms and warning signs

Angina - Constricting chest pain. It usually occurs under physical exertion e.g. while doing exercise, brisk walking or under emotional stress. The pain gradually disappears after taking a rest. The chest pain is chest discomfort, heaviness, tightness, pressure, aching, burning, numbness, fullness or a squeezing sensation in the chest area. It is sometimes confused with indigestion or heartburn. Angina is usually felt in the chest but may also radiate down the left shoulder and left arm and may be felt in the neck, back or jaw.  

Other common heart-attack symptoms: 

Prolonged pain in the upper abdomen 

Shortness of breath 


Impending sense of doom 


Nausea and vomiting 

Female may have different symtoms:

Abdominal pain or heartburn 

Clammy skin 

Lightheadedness or dizziness 

Unusual or unexplained fatigue 


Be aware of your risk, if you feel any symptoms, seek medical attention at once


Diagnostic Tests

Following are the diagnostic tests performed at our cardiovascular clinic.

Resting 12-lead Electrocardiogram (ECG) 

Exercise Treadmill Test


Stress Echocardiogram (Exercise / Pharmacological)

Transoesophageal Echocardiogram

Carotid Intima Media Thickness Ultrasound

24 & 48 hr ECG (Holter)

1 & 2 week Cardiac Event Recorder

24 hr Blood Pressure

Tilt Table Test

Cardiac Computed Tomography Calcium Score

Cardiac Computed Tomography Calcium Score & Angiography

Nuclear Myocardial Perfusion Imaging

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Treatment available

Following are the treatments avaliable at our cadiovascular clinic:

Perioperative Management of Cardiac Diseases

Electrical Cardioversion

Cardiac Catheterisation (Left & Right Heart)

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (stenting, fistula occlusion, and others)

Closure of Atrial Septal Defect or Patent Foramen Ovale

Electrophysiology Study & Radiofrequency Ablation

Permanent Pacemaker Implantation (Single or Dual chamber, Leadless MICRA)

Cardioverter Defibrillation Implantation